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The core and accessory Genomes of Burkholderia pseudomallei : Implications for human melioidosis


Reference:

Sim, S. H., Yu, Y., Lin, C. H., Karuturi, R. K. M., Wuthiekanun, V., Tuanyok, A., Chua, H. H., Ong, C., Paramalingam, S. S., Tan, G., Tang, L., Lau, G., Ooi, E. E., Woods, D., Feil, E., Peacock, S. J. and Tan, P., 2008. The core and accessory Genomes of Burkholderia pseudomallei : Implications for human melioidosis. PLoS Pathogens, 4 (10), e1000178.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000178

    Abstract

    Natural isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp), the causative agent of melioidosis, can exhibit significant ecological flexibility that is likely reflective of a dynamic genome. Using whole-genome Bp microarrays, we examined patterns of gene presence and absence across 94 South East Asian strains isolated from a variety of clinical, environmental, or animal sources. 86% of the Bp K96243 reference genome was common to all the strains representing the Bp "core genome'', comprising genes largely involved in essential functions (eg amino acid metabolism, protein translation). In contrast, 14% of the K96243 genome was variably present across the isolates. This Bp accessory genome encompassed multiple genomic islands (GIs), paralogous genes, and insertions/deletions, including three distinct lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-related gene clusters. Strikingly, strains recovered from cases of human melioidosis clustered on a tree based on accessory gene content, and were significantly more likely to harbor certain GIs compared to animal and environmental isolates. Consistent with the inference that the GIs may contribute to pathogenesis, experimental mutation of BPSS2053, a GI gene, reduced microbial adherence to human epithelial cells. Our results suggest that the Bp accessory genome is likely to play an important role in microbial adaptation and virulence.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsSim, S. H., Yu, Y., Lin, C. H., Karuturi, R. K. M., Wuthiekanun, V., Tuanyok, A., Chua, H. H., Ong, C., Paramalingam, S. S., Tan, G., Tang, L., Lau, G., Ooi, E. E., Woods, D., Feil, E., Peacock, S. J. and Tan, P.
    DOI10.1371/journal.ppat.1000178
    DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Biology & Biochemistry
    Publisher Statementjournal.ppat.1000178.pdf: Citation: Sim SH, Yu Y, Lin CH, Karuturi RKM, Wuthiekanun V, et al. (2008) The Core and Accessory Genomes of Burkholderia pseudomallei: Implications for Human Melioidosis. PLoS Pathog 4(10): e1000178. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000178 © 2008 Sim et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code12413

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