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Dermatopharmacokinetics: factors influencing drug clearance from the stratum corneum


Reference:

Nicoli, S., Bunge, A. L., Delgado-Charro, M. B. and Guy, R. H., 2009. Dermatopharmacokinetics: factors influencing drug clearance from the stratum corneum. Pharmaceutical Research, 26 (4), pp. 865-871.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-008-9785-y

    Abstract

    The dermatopharmacokinetic methodology, in which tape stripping of the stratum corneum (SC) is used to access the amount of drug accumulated in the skin barrier, has been proposed for the quantification of topical drug bioavailability. This investigation examined the clearance phase of a model drug from the SC after a short application of an infinite dose. A saturated solution of ibuprofen in propylene glycol/water was applied to the forearm of human volunteers for 30 min. The formulation was then removed and the drug profile across the SC was assessed immediately, and over the next 4 h. The clearance phase depends only on drug diffusivity in the SC. However, the expected, progressive "flattening" of the concentration profiles with increasing time post-formulation removal was not observed. It was subsequently deduced, using infrared spectroscopy, that the rapid percutaneous diffusion of propylene glycol, relative to ibuprofen, resulted in the transient maintenance of a saturated drug concentration at the SC surface even after removal of the original formulation. The important role of formulation excipients in topical delivery is demonstrated, and the local disposition of cosolvents within the SC may impact significantly on drug dermatopharmacokinetics and local bioavailability.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsNicoli, S., Bunge, A. L., Delgado-Charro, M. B. and Guy, R. H.
    DOI10.1007/s11095-008-9785-y
    Uncontrolled Keywordsinfrared spectroscopy, dermatopharmacokinetics, clearance, topical bioavailability, stratum corneum
    DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Pharmacy & Pharmacology
    Publisher StatementNicoli_final.pdf: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code13502

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