Research

14β-O-cinnamoylnaltrexone and related dihydrocodeinones are mu opioid receptor partial agonists with predominant antagonist activity


Reference:

Moynihan, H., Jales, A. R., Greedy, B. M., Rennison, D., Broadbear, J. H., Purington, L., Traynor, J. R., Woods, J. H., Lewis, J. W. and Husbands, S. M., 2009. 14β-O-cinnamoylnaltrexone and related dihydrocodeinones are mu opioid receptor partial agonists with predominant antagonist activity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52 (6), pp. 1553-1557.

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm8012272

Abstract

14-O-Cinnamoyl esters of naltrexone (6) were synthesized and evaluated in isolated tissue assays in vitro and in vivo in mouse antinociceptive assays. Their predominant opioid receptor activity was mu receptor (MOR) antagonism, but the unsubstituted cinnamoyl derivative (6a) had partial MOR agonist activity in vitro and in vivo. When compared to the equivalent 14-cinnamoylaminomorphinones (5), the cinnamoyloxy morphinones (6) as MOR antagonists had a shorter duration of action and were less effective as pseudoirreversible antagonists. The antinociceptive activity of the cinnamoyloxycodeinones (7) was not significantly greater than that of the morphinones (6), but they exhibited no evidence of any pseudoirreversible MOR antagonism. In both respects, these profiles differed from those of the equivalent 14-cinnamoylaminocodeinones (4).

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsMoynihan, H., Jales, A. R., Greedy, B. M., Rennison, D., Broadbear, J. H., Purington, L., Traynor, J. R., Woods, J. H., Lewis, J. W. and Husbands, S. M.
DOI10.1021/jm8012272
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Pharmacy & Pharmacology
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code13913
Additional InformationID number: PMC2788771

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