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Atomistic modelling of adsorption and segregation at inorganic solid interfaces


Reference:

Allen, J. P., Gren, W., Molinari, M., Arrouvel, C., Maglia, F. and Parker, S. C., 2009. Atomistic modelling of adsorption and segregation at inorganic solid interfaces. Molecular Simulation, 35 (7), pp. 584-608.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08927020902774570

Abstract

Recent work using atomistic simulations on a number of different oxide and mineral interfaces is described. Static simulation techniques have been applied to gadolinium doped ceria grain boundaries and show that there is marked variation in oxygen vacancy and dopant segregation with depth and orientation of a number of tilt boundaries. These methods have also been used to model the carbonation of magnesium and calcium hydroxide surfaces and predict that the calcium hydroxide is more reactive, particularly {101} and {102} surfaces. Another important interface studied is the solid-water interface and we report a number of recent molecular dynamics simulations which show how the water ordering is affected by structure and composition. These include showing that calcium oxide-water interfaces show a range of water ordering including the appearance of ice-like structures, and on carbonation the water structure is totally disrupted. Simulations on the water ordering at silica-water interfaces predict that {11.0} quartz surfaces are more hydrophobic than {10.0} leading in turn to a preference for organic adsorption on {11.0}, while preliminary results for a siliceous porous surface suggest that the water structure influences the transport properties at the surface, particularly by extremes of pH.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsAllen, J. P., Gren, W., Molinari, M., Arrouvel, C., Maglia, F. and Parker, S. C.
EditorsFrancis, P.
DOI10.1080/08927020902774570
Uncontrolled Keywordscalcium oxide, quartz, energy minimisation, calcium hydroxide, molecular dynamics, ceria, lta
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Chemistry
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code14218
Additional InformationProceedings paper from CCP5 Annual Conference on Surfaces and Interfaces, London School of Economics, London, England, 2008

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