Detecting barely visible impact damage detection on aircraft composites structures
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Composites have many advantages as aircraft structural materials and for this reason their use is becoming increasingly widespread. Fragility of composite material to impact loading limits their application in aircraft structures. In particular, low velocity impacts can cause a significant amount of delamination, even though the only external indication of damage may be a very small surface indentation. This type of damage is often referred to as barely visible impact damage (BVID), and it can cause significant degradation of structural properties. If the damaged laminate is subjected to high compressive loading, buckling failure may occur. Therefore, there is the need to develop improved and more efficient means of detecting such damage. In this work a new NDT approach is presented, based on the monitoring of the nonlinear elastic material behaviour of damaged material. Two methods were investigated: a single-mode nonlinear resonance ultrasound (NRUS) and a nonlinear wave modulation spectroscopy (NWMS). The developed methods were tested on different composite plates with unknown mechanical properties and damage size and magnitude. The presence of the nonlinearities introduced by the damage was clearly identified using both techniques. The results showed that the proposed methodology appear to be highly sensitive to the presence of damage with very promising future applications.
|Creators||Polimeno, U.and Meo, M.|
|Departments||Faculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering|
|Research Centres||Aerospace Engineering Research Centre|
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