Research

The role of motivation in distracting attention away from pain: an experimental study


Reference:

Verhoeven, K., Crombez, G., Eccleston, C., Van Ryckeghem, D. M. L., Morley, S. and Van Damme, S., 2010. The role of motivation in distracting attention away from pain: an experimental study. Pain, 149 (2), pp. 229-234.

Related documents:

This repository does not currently have the full-text of this item.
You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided below. (Contact Author)

Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.01.019

Abstract

Research on the effectiveness of distraction as a method of pain control is inconclusive. One mechanism pertains to the motivational relevance of distraction tasks. In this study the motivation to engage in a distraction task during pain was experimentally manipulated. Undergraduate students (N = 73) participated in a cold pressor test (CPT) and were randomly assigned to three groups: a distraction-only group performed a tone-detection task during the CPT, a motivated-distraction group performed the same task and received a monetary reward for good task performance, and a control group did not perform the tone-detection task. Results indicated that engagement in the distraction task was better in the motivated-distraction group in comparison with the distraction-only group. Participants in both distraction groups experienced less pain compared to the control group. There were no overall differences in pain intensity between the two distraction groups. The effect of distraction was influenced by the level of catastrophic thinking about pain. For low catastrophizers, both distraction groups reported less pain as compared to the non-distracted control group. This was not the case for high catastrophizers. For high catastrophizers it mattered whether the distraction task was motivationally relevant: high catastrophizers reported less intense pain in the motivated-distraction group, as compared to the non-distracted control group. We conclude that increasing the motivational relevance of the distraction task may increase the effects of distraction, especially for those who catastrophize about pain.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsVerhoeven, K., Crombez, G., Eccleston, C., Van Ryckeghem, D. M. L., Morley, S. and Van Damme, S.
DOI10.1016/j.pain.2010.01.019
Uncontrolled Keywordsattention to pain, motivation, distraction, distraction task, catastrophizing
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
Research CentresCentre for Pain Research
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code18817

Export

Actions (login required)

View Item