The automatic component of habit in health behavior: habit as cue-contingent automaticity


Orbell, S. and Verplanken, B., 2010. The automatic component of habit in health behavior: habit as cue-contingent automaticity. Health Psychology, 29 (4), pp. 374-383.

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Objective: Habit might be usefully characterized as a form of automaticity that involves the association of a cue and a response. Three studies examined habitual automaticity in regard to different aspects of the cue-response relationship characteristic of unhealthy and healthy habits. Design, Main Outcome Measures, and Results: In each study, habitual automaticity was assessed by the Self-Report Habit Index (SRHI). In Study 1 SRHI scores correlated with attentional bias to smoking cues in a Stroop task. Study 2 examined the ability of a habit cue to elicit an unwanted habit response. In a prospective field study, habitual automaticity in relation to smoking when drinking alcohol in a licensed public house (pub) predicted the likelihood of cigarette-related action slips 2 months later after smoking in pubs had become illegal. In Study 3 experimental group participants formed an implementation intention to floss in response to a specified situational cue. Habitual automaticity of dental flossing was rapidly enhanced compared to controls. Conclusion: The studies provided three different demonstrations of the importance of cues in the automatic operation of habits. Habitual automaticity assessed by the SRHI captured aspects of a habit that go beyond mere frequency or consistency of the behavior.


Item Type Articles
CreatorsOrbell, S.and Verplanken, B.
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Uncontrolled Keywordsstroop task,habit,smoking,self-report habit index,implementation intentions
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology
ID Code20310


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