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Reversible, allosteric small-molecule inhibitors of regulator of G protein signaling proteins


Reference:

Blazer, L. L., Roman, D. L., Chung, A., Larsen, M. J., Greedy, B. M., Husbands, S. M. and Neubig, R. R., 2010. Reversible, allosteric small-molecule inhibitors of regulator of G protein signaling proteins. Molecular Pharmacology, 78 (3), pp. 524-533.

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/mol.110.065128

Abstract

Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins are potent negative modulators of G protein signaling and have been proposed as potential targets for small-molecule inhibitor development. We report a high-throughput time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer screen to identify inhibitors of RGS4 and describe the first reversible small-molecule inhibitors of an RGS protein. Two closely related compounds, typified by CCG-63802 [((2E)-2-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl)-3-[9-methyl-2-(3-methylphenoxy)-4-oxo-4 H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-3-yl]prop-2-enenitrile)], inhibit the interaction between RGS4 and G alpha(o) with an IC50 value in the low micromolar range. They show selectivity among RGS proteins with a potency order of RGS 4 > 19 = 16 > 8 >> 7. The compounds inhibit the GTPase accelerating protein activity of RGS4, and thermal stability studies demonstrate binding to the RGS but not to G alpha(o). On RGS4, they depend on an interaction with one or more cysteines in a pocket that has previously been identified as an allosteric site for RGS regulation by acidic phospholipids. Unlike previous small-molecule RGS inhibitors identified to date, these compounds retain substantial activity under reducing conditions and are fully reversible on the 10-min time scale. CCG-63802 and related analogs represent a useful step toward the development of chemical tools for the study of RGS physiology.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsBlazer, L. L., Roman, D. L., Chung, A., Larsen, M. J., Greedy, B. M., Husbands, S. M. and Neubig, R. R.
DOI10.1124/mol.110.065128
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Pharmacy & Pharmacology
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code20567

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