Modulation of c-jun and c-fos transcription by UVB and UVA radiations in human dermal fibroblasts and KB cells
Soriani, M., Hejmadi, V. and Tyrrell, R. M., 2000. Modulation of c-jun and c-fos transcription by UVB and UVA radiations in human dermal fibroblasts and KB cells. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 71 (5), pp. 551-558.
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We have previously demonstrated that the oxidizing component of ultraviolet-A (UVA) plays a central role in the activation of the nuclear oncogene and transcription factor, c-fos, in cultured human skin fibroblasts, We have now shown that expression of both c-jun and c-fos (AP-1) family of transcription factors is modulated by short and long wavelength solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation in human fibroblasts and human KB cells. UVA radiation activated c-jun and c-fos in both fibroblasts and KB cells, whereas ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation activates such oncogenes only in KB cells. Moreover, decreasing the intracellular levels of reducing equivalents in human fibroblasts by glutathione (GSH) depletion lowered the UVA dose threshold for c-jun and c-fos activation several-fold and greatly amplified the UVA-mediated activation of such genes. A more modest effect was observed in GSH-depleted KB cells, In both GSH-depleted fibroblasts and KB cells, UVB radiation failed to amplify c-jun and c-fos activation indicating that the oxidative component of UVB plays a minor role in the modulation of such oncogene expression. These findings clearly indicate that both c-jun and c-fos are activated by the oxidizing component of UVA radiation in human fibroblasts and KB cells, while UVB-mediated modulation seems to be restricted to human epithelial cells and does not involve oxidizing intermediates.
|Creators||Soriani, M., Hejmadi, V. and Tyrrell, R. M.|
|Departments||Faculty of Science > Pharmacy & Pharmacology|
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