Research

Genomic acquisition of a capsular polysaccharide virulence cluster by non-pathogenic Burkholderia isolates


Reference:

Sim, B. M. Q., Chantratita, N., Ooi, W. F., Nandi, T., Tewhey, R., Wuthiekanun, V., Thaipadungpanit, J., Tumapa, S., Ariyaratne, P., Sung, W.-K., Sem, X. H., Chua, H. H., Ramnarayanan, K., Lin, C. H., Liu, Y., Feil, E. J., Glass, M. B., Tan, G., Peacock, S. J. and Tan, P., 2010. Genomic acquisition of a capsular polysaccharide virulence cluster by non-pathogenic Burkholderia isolates. Genome Biology, 11 (8), R89.

Related documents:

This repository does not currently have the full-text of this item.
You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided below. (Contact Author)

Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/gb-2010-11-8-r89

Abstract

Background Burkholderia thailandensis is a non-pathogenic environmental saprophyte closely related to Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of the often fatal animal and human disease melioidosis. To study B. thailandensis genomic variation, we profiled 50 isolates using a pan-genome microarray comprising genomic elements from 28 Burkholderia strains and species. Results Of 39 genomic regions variably present across the B. thailandensis strains, 13 regions corresponded to known genomic islands, while 26 regions were novel. Variant B. thailandensis isolates exhibited isolated acquisition of a capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis gene cluster (B. pseudomallei-like capsular polysaccharide) closely resembling a similar cluster in B. pseudomallei that is essential for virulence in mammals; presence of this cluster was confirmed by whole genome sequencing of a representative variant strain (B. thailandensis E555). Both whole-genome microarray and multi-locus sequence typing analysis revealed that the variant strains formed part of a phylogenetic subgroup distinct from the ancestral B. thailandensis population and were associated with atypical isolation sources when compared to the majority of previously described B. thailandensis strains. In functional assays, B. thailandensis E555 exhibited several B. pseudomallei-like phenotypes, including colony wrinkling, resistance to human complement binding, and intracellular macrophage survival. However, in murine infection assays, B. thailandensis E555 did not exhibit enhanced virulence relative to other B. thailandensis strains, suggesting that additional factors are required to successfully colonize and infect mammals. Conclusions The discovery of such novel variant strains demonstrates how unbiased genomic surveys of non-pathogenic isolates can reveal insights into the development and emergence of new pathogenic species.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsSim, B. M. Q., Chantratita, N., Ooi, W. F., Nandi, T., Tewhey, R., Wuthiekanun, V., Thaipadungpanit, J., Tumapa, S., Ariyaratne, P., Sung, W.-K., Sem, X. H., Chua, H. H., Ramnarayanan, K., Lin, C. H., Liu, Y., Feil, E. J., Glass, M. B., Tan, G., Peacock, S. J. and Tan, P.
DOI10.1186/gb-2010-11-8-r89
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Biology & Biochemistry
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code21055

Export

Actions (login required)

View Item