# Exact and asymptotic n-tuple laws at first and last passage

### Reference:

Kyprianou, A. E., Pardo, J. C. and Rivero, V., 2010. Exact and asymptotic n-tuple laws at first and last passage. *Annals of Applied Probability*, 20 (2), pp. 522-564.

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### Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/09-aap626

### Abstract

Understanding the space time features of how a Levy process crosses a constant barrier for the first time, and indeed the last time, is a problem which is central to many models in applied probability such as queueing theory, financial and actuarial mathematics, optimal stopping problems, the theory of branching processes, to name but a few. In Doney and Kyprianou [Ann. Appl. Probab. 16 (2006) 91-106] a new quintuple law was established for a general Levy process at first passage below a fixed level. In this article we use the quintuple law to establish a family of related joint laws, which we call n-tuple laws, for Levy processes, Levy processes conditioned to stay positive and positive self-similar Markov processes at both first and last passage over a fixed level. Here the integer n typically ranges from three to seven. Moreover, we look at asymptotic overshoot and undershoot distributions and relate them to overshoot and undershoot distributions of positive self-similar Markov processes issued from the origin. Although the relation between the n-tuple laws for Levy processes and positive self-similar Markov processes are straightforward thanks to the Lamperti transformation, by interplaying the role of a (conditioned) stable processes as both a (conditioned) Levy processes and a positive self-similar Markov processes, we obtain a suite of completely explicit first and last passage identities for so-called Lamperti-stable Levy processes. This leads further to the introduction of a more general family of Levy processes which we call hypergeometric Levy processes, for which similar explicit identities may be considered.

### Details

Item Type | Articles |

Creators | Kyprianou, A. E., Pardo, J. C. and Rivero, V. |

DOI | 10.1214/09-aap626 |

Uncontrolled Keywords | last passage time, undershoot, conditioned levy process, n-tuple laws, levy process, fluctuation theory, overshoot, first passage time |

Departments | Faculty of Science > Mathematical Sciences |

Refereed | Yes |

Status | Published |

ID Code | 21551 |

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