Detection of Candida albicans DNA from blood samples using a novel electrochemical assay


Muir, A., Forrest, G., Clarkson, J. and Wheals, A., 2011. Detection of Candida albicans DNA from blood samples using a novel electrochemical assay. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 60 (4), pp. 467-471.

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    The genus Candida contains a number of yeast species which are opportunistic pathogens and are associated with life-threatening infections in immunocompromised individuals. Provision of appropriate therapy relies on the rapid identification of the infecting species, and existing methods of identifying Candida species in clinical samples are time and resource intensive and are not always specific enough to differentiate between drug-susceptible and drug-resistant species. We have previously developed a system for the rapid detection of yeast pathogens in clinical samples using PCR followed by hybridization with a suite of five species-specific, electrochemically labelled DNA probes. The limit of detection of the assay was shown to be 37 fg (similar to 1 genome) per reaction using extracted genomic DNA. We carried out a study to test the limit of detection of one of the probes, CA PR3, using blood samples from a healthy donor that were spiked with genomic DNA or with C. albicans cells. Our results demonstrated a limit of detection of 37 fg (ml blood)(-1) (similar to 1 genome ml(-1)) using extracted DNA or 10 c.f.u. (ml blood)(-1) using C. albicans cells, indicating that the assay is capable of detecting C. albicans nucleic acid at levels that are encountered in clinical samples.


    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsMuir, A., Forrest, G., Clarkson, J. and Wheals, A.
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    DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Biology & Biochemistry
    Publisher StatementWheals_JMM_2011_60_4_467.pdf: This is an author manuscript that has been accepted for publication in Journal of Medical Microbiology, copyright Society for General Microbiology, but has not been copy-edited, formatted or proofed. Cite this article as appearing in Journal of Medical Microbiology. This version of the manuscript may not be duplicated or reproduced, other than for personal use or within the rule of ‘Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials’ (section 17, Title 17, US Code), without permission from the copyright owner, Society for General Microbiology. The Society for General Microbiology disclaims any responsibility or liability for errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or in any version derived from it by any other parties. The final copy-edited, published article, which is the version of record, can be found at, and is freely available without a subscription
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