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Design of quaternary chalcogenide photovoltaic absorbers through cation mutation


Reference:

Walsh, A., Wei, S. H., Chen, S. Y. and Gong, X. G., 2009. Design of quaternary chalcogenide photovoltaic absorbers through cation mutation. In: 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Vols 1-3. New York: IEEE, pp. 1803-1806. (IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference)

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2009.5411555

Abstract

Design of chalcogenide photovoltaic absorbers is carried out systematically through sequential cation mutation, from binary to ternary to quaternary compounds, using first-principles electronic structure calculations. Several universal trends are identified for two classes of quaternary chalcogenides (I(2)-II-IV-VI(4) and I-III-II(2)-VI(4) systems). For example, the lowest-energy structure always has larger lattice constant a, smaller tetragonal distortion parameter n = c/2a, and larger band gap than the metastable structures for common-row cation mutations. The band structure changes on mutation illustrate that although the band gap decreases from binary II-VI to ternary I-III-VI(2) are mostly due to the p-d repulsion in the valence band, the decreases from ternary I-III-VI(2) to quaternary I(2)-II-IV-VI(4) chalcogenides are due to the downshift in the conduction band caused by the wavefunction localization on the group IV cation site. We find that I(2)-II-IV-VI(4) compounds are more stable in the kesterite structure, whereas the widely-assumed stannite structure reported in the literature is most likely due to partial disorder in the I-II (001) layer of the kesterite phase. Ten compounds are predicted have band gaps close to the 1 to 2 eV energy window suitable for photovoltaics.

Details

Item Type Book Sections
CreatorsWalsh, A., Wei, S. H., Chen, S. Y. and Gong, X. G.
DOI10.1109/PVSC.2009.5411555
Uncontrolled Keywordsband offsets, augmented-wave method
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Chemistry
StatusPublished
ID Code24008

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