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Imaging of 3-D plasmaspheric electron density using GPS to LEO satellite differential phase observations


Reference:

Spencer, P. S. J. and Mitchell, C. N., 2011. Imaging of 3-D plasmaspheric electron density using GPS to LEO satellite differential phase observations. Radio Science, 46 (3), RS0D04.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010rs004565

    Abstract

    This paper outlines a new mathematical approach to imaging the electron density distribution in the high regions of the topside ionosphere and the plasmasphere from 800 km up to 20,200 km altitude using GPS measurements from low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites. The problem of ionospheric imaging using ground-based GPS measurements has been studied for a number of years. Such methods have proved extremely useful in providing details of the larger-scale morphology of the global ionosphere. The work presented extends these methods to image the plasmasphere up to altitudes of the GPS satellites at 20,000 km. The problem of limited observations due to the small number of LEOs in operation is overcome by constraining the plasmaspheric electron density to be constant along magnetic field lines. A coordinate transform from a spherical coordinate system to one defined in terms of Euler potentials is sufficient to provide unambiguous solutions. Preliminary results using data from the COSMIC satellite constellation are presented showing the response of the plasmasphere to changes in the interplanetary medium.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsSpencer, P. S. J.and Mitchell, C. N.
    DOI10.1029/2010rs004565
    DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Electronic & Electrical Engineering
    Publisher StatementMitchell_RadioScience_2011_46_Rs0d04.pdf: Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code24342

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