IQ in childhood psychiatric attendees predicts outcome of later schizophrenia at 21 year follow-up
Munro, J. C., Russell, A. J., Murray, R. M., Kerwin, R. W. and Jones, P. B., 2002. IQ in childhood psychiatric attendees predicts outcome of later schizophrenia at 21 year follow-up. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106 (2), pp. 139-142.
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Objective: Preschizophrenic children who merit psychiatric referral are claimed to have a particularly malevolent illness when the psychosis develops later. The 21 years outcome of a sample of such children was investigated. Method: Fifty-one children who attended psychiatric services, and were later diagnosed as having schizophrenia, were followed up a mean of 21 years later. Baseline childhood demographic, clinical and putative aetiological characteristics were identified from the case notes. Follow-up assessment evaluated clinical symptoms, social functioning and service utilization. The predictive value of baseline factors on outcome was examined. Results: Outcome was poor, and seven (14%) of the subjects were deceased. Childhood IQ was strongly predictive of social outcome (F=5.1, P=0.01) and service utilization (F=5.2, P=0.01), but not clinical symptoms. No other factors predicted outcome. Conclusion: Low childhood IQ had an unfavourable impact on social outcome and service utilization once schizophrenia developed.
|Creators||Munro, J. C., Russell, A. J., Murray, R. M., Kerwin, R. W. and Jones, P. B.|
|Departments||Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology|
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