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N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation during ozonation of dimethylamine-containing waters


Reference:

Andrzejewski, P., Kasprzyk-Hordern, B. and Nawrocki, J., 2008. N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation during ozonation of dimethylamine-containing waters. Water Research, 42 (4-5), pp. 863-870.

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.08.032

Abstract

Ozonation of aqueous solutions of dimethylamine (DMA) leads to the formation of nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). The yield of reaction is low (below 0.4% in relation to DMA) and increases with increasing pH. Contact time, ozone/DMA ratio and radical scavengers are other variables controlling the yield of reaction. Data from the literature and observed ozonation by-products suggest that nitrosation of DMA might be responsible for nitrosamine generation. NDMA can be recognized as a by-product of ozonation of DMA in water, which is formed in a specific, but reasonable, range of ozone/DMA ratios. The reaction may have potential importance for water treatment technology assuming reasonable micrograms per liter of DMA concentrations in raw waters.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsAndrzejewski, P., Kasprzyk-Hordern, B. and Nawrocki, J.
DOI10.1016/j.watres.2007.08.032
Uncontrolled Keywordschlorine, precursors, dbps, ndma, drinking-water, n-nitrosodimethylamine, by-product, ozone, water treatment, waste-water, disinfection, ozone disinfection, aliphatic-amines
DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Chemistry
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code24877

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