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Wavelet analysis of bender element signals


Reference:

Bonal, J., Donohue, S. and McNally, C., 2012. Wavelet analysis of bender element signals. Geotechnique, 62 (3), pp. 243-252.

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geot.9.P.052

Abstract

Accurate determination of shear wave arrival time using bender elements may be severely affected by a combination of near-field effects and reflected waves. These may mask the first arrival of the shear wave, making its detection difficult in the time domain. This paper describes an approach for measuring the shear wave arrival time through analysis of the output signal in the time-scale domain using a multi-scale wavelet transform. The local maxima lines of the wavelet transform modulus are observed at different scales, and all singularities are mathematically characterised, allowing subsequent detection of the singularity relating to the first arrival. Examples of the use of this approach on typical synthetic and experimental bender element signals are also supplied, and these results are compared with those from other time and frequency domain approaches. The wavelet approach is not affected by near-field effects, but instead is characterised by a relatively consistent singularity related to the shear wave arrival time, across a range of frequencies and noise levels.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsBonal, J., Donohue, S. and McNally, C.
DOI10.1680/geot.9.P.052
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Architecture & Civil Engineering
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code25292

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