Altered avr-14B gene transcription patterns in ivermectin-resistant isolates of the cattle parasites, Cooperia oncophora and Ostertagia ostertagi
El-Abdellati, A., De Graef, J., Van Zeveren, A., Donnan, A., Skuce, P., Walsh, T., Wolstenholme, A., Tait, A., Vercruysse, J., Claerebout, E. and Geldhof, P., 2011. Altered avr-14B gene transcription patterns in ivermectin-resistant isolates of the cattle parasites, Cooperia oncophora and Ostertagia ostertagi. International Journal for Parasitology, 41 (9), pp. 951-957.
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Ivermectin (IVM) resistance is an emerging problem for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle such as Cooperia oncophora and Ostertagia ostertagi. Although there is still a poor understanding of the molecular basis of macrocyclic lactone (ML)-resistance, it is clear that IVM exerts its activity by binding to glutamate-gated chloride (GluCl) channels within the parasite's neuromuscular system. One of the GluCl genes (avr-14) encodes, via alternative splicing, two subunits, AVR-14A and AVR-14B; the latter is suggested to be the main target for IVM. The genomic DNA (gDNA) sequence of avr-14 in C. oncophora contains 21 exons separated by 20 introns and spans approximately 10 kb of gDNA. Intron 13 contains a sequence with high homology to a mammalian mariner transposase. The L256F polymorphism in the avr-14 gene, which was shown to be associated with IVM resistance in a UK isolate of C. oncophora, was not found in the IVM-resistant C. oncophora and O. ostertagi isolates investigated in this study. However, genetic analyses on C. oncophora indicated a loss in allelic diversity of the avr-14 gene in the resistant isolates compared with the susceptible isolate. This suggests that the avr-14 gene, or another genetically linked locus, is under selection in these Belgian C. oncophora isolates. Comparison of the full-length avr-14B coding sequence in the susceptible and resistant C. oncophora isolates did not show any polymorphisms specifically linked to IVM resistance, although a decrease in the number of avr-14B isoforms was observed in the resistant isolates compared with the susceptible one. Measuring the transcription levels of avr-14B in adult male and female C. oncophora and O. ostertagi worms showed significantly lower levels in resistant worms compared with susceptible ones. Whether the down-regulation of this IVM target actually contributes to the resistance mechanism in these worms remains unclear.
|Creators||El-Abdellati, A., De Graef, J., Van Zeveren, A., Donnan, A., Skuce, P., Walsh, T., Wolstenholme, A., Tait, A., Vercruysse, J., Claerebout, E. and Geldhof, P.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords||glucl channels,resistance,cattle,cooperia oncophora,ostertagia ostertagi|
|Departments||Faculty of Science > Biology & Biochemistry|
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