Contact dynamic phenomena in rotating machines: active/passive considerations


Keogh, P. S., 2012. Contact dynamic phenomena in rotating machines: active/passive considerations. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 29, pp. 19-33.

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    There are machine operating regimes in which rotor/stator interactions may lead to problematic rotor dynamic behavior. For example, dynamic heat sources arising from seals, bearings and other rubbing stator components may cause rotor thermal bend instability. In active magnetic bearing (AMB) systems, the rotor may experience forward and backward whirl rubs with touchdown bearings (TDBs). In abnormal cases, rotor transient and bounce interactions with such bearings may involve highly localized and short duration contacts. This paper discusses certain contact phenomena that may occur in passive and active systems. For example, the rub induced spiral behavior arises from a combination of unbalance and a thermal input that moves slowly around the rotor, typically in passive rotor-bearing systems. However, the instability can be regarded as if arising from a closed-loop feedback system. Hence it is possible to analyze the phenomenon using techniques that have been developed for active control systems. Rotors levitated by AMBs are truly active, but there are fundamental issues that may arise when contact with TDBs occurs. AMB control and contact interactions are discussed together with the benefits for making the TDB an active element. The reason for this lies in the potential ability to control the contact dynamics and associated mechanical and thermal stresses. A prototype system is described.


    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsKeogh, P. S.
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    URLURL Type
    DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering
    Publisher StatementKeogh_MSSP_2011.pdf: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol 29, 2012, 10.1016/j.ymssp.2011.06.024
    ID Code25732


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