Ashwin, C., Holas, P., Broadhurst, S., Kokoszka, A., Georgiou, G. and Fox, E., 2012. Enhanced anger superiority effect in generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26 (2), pp. 329-336.
People are typically faster and more accurate to detect angry compared to happy faces, which is known as the anger superiority effect. Many cognitive models of anxiety suggest anxiety disorders involve attentional biases towards threat, although the nature of these biases remains unclear. The present study used a Face-in-the-Crowd task to investigate the anger superiority effect in a control group and patients diagnosed with either generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) or panic disorder (PD). The main finding was that both anxiety groups showed an enhanced anger superiority effect compared to controls, which is consistent with key theories of anxiety. Furthermore, both anxiety groups showed a differential pattern of enhanced bias towards threat depending on the crowd in the displays. The different attentional bias patterns between the GAD and PD groups may be related to the diverse symptoms in these disorders. These findings have implications for the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety.
|Item Type ||Articles|
|Creators||Ashwin, C., Holas, P., Broadhurst, S., Kokoszka, A., Georgiou, G. and Fox, E.|
|Departments||Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology|
|Research Centres||Centre for Applied Autism Research|
|Publisher Statement||Ashwin_Manuscript_OPUS.pdf: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Anxiety Disoders. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version will be subsequently published in Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol 26, issue 2, 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.11.010|
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