Development and validation of the Motivational Climate Scale for Youth Sports


Smith, R. E., Cumming, S. P. and Smoll, F. L., 2008. Development and validation of the Motivational Climate Scale for Youth Sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20 (1), pp. 116-136.

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The Motivational Climate Scale for Youth Sports (MCSYS) provides an age-appropriate measure of coach-initiated motivational climates in youth sports. Items have a readability level of grade 4.0 or below. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed that both child and adolescent athletes (ages 9–14) discriminate between mastery- and ego-involving coaching behaviors. The MCSYS demonstrated acceptable reliability and strong factorial validity. Construct validity research yielded predicted relations within a nomological net that included athletes’ achievement goal orientations, competitive trait anxiety, sport enjoyment and coach evaluations, intrinsic motivation, and self-esteem. In both white middle-class and low income minority samples, the mastery and ego subscales also proved sensitive to a coach intervention designed to promote the establishment of a mastery climate and a reduction of ego climate behaviors. We discuss use of the scale to, measure motivational climate at individual and team levels and the desirability of multi-level statistical analyses of climate data.


Item Type Articles
CreatorsSmith, R. E., Cumming, S. P. and Smoll, F. L.
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DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Education
Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
ID Code28038


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