Determination of the piezoelectric properties of fine scale PZT fibres
Nelson, L. J. and Bowen, C. R., 2001. Determination of the piezoelectric properties of fine scale PZT fibres. Advances in Composite Materials and Structures, Parts 1 and 2, 206-213, pp. 1509-1512.
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Finite Element (FE) modelling is used to determine the effect of fibre volume fraction, aspect ratio and polymer matrix stiffness on the d33 coefficients of 1-3 connectivity piezoelectric fibre composites. The aim is to use these observations as a means of determining the d33 of fine scale lead zirconate titanate (PZT) fibres. Results from a 1-D analytical model fit well with FE predictions for low aspect ratios. Two commercially available PZT-5A fibres, produced via the viscous suspension spinning process (VSSP) and an extrusion process, were fabricated into 1-3 composites with varying fibre volume fractions. The composite d33 measurements are compared to the model predictions and used to determine the d33 coefficients of the fibers. The d33 of the VSSP fibres and extruded fibres is measured as 365 pCN-1 and 235 pCN-1 respectively using this method. The large difference in the piezoelectric coefficients is possibly linked to the grain size and porosity, which is examined using scanning electron microscopy.
|Creators||Nelson, L. J.and Bowen, C. R.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords||finite element method, scanning electron microscopy, extrusion, viscosity, grain size and shape, porosity, lead compounds, piezoelectric materials, fiber reinforced materials, polymers, stiffness matrix, suspensions (fluids)|
|Departments||Faculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering|
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