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Trait anxiety in young athletes as a function of parental pressure and motivational climate: Is parental pressure always harmful?


Reference:

O'Rourke, D. J., Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L. and Cumming, S. P., 2011. Trait anxiety in young athletes as a function of parental pressure and motivational climate: Is parental pressure always harmful? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 23 (4), pp. 398-412.

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Abstract

We assessed the role of parental behaviors on sport performance anxiety. Measures of trait anxiety, parental pressure, and parent-initiated motivational climate were administered to youth swimmers throughout the season. High parental pressure within either a low mastery or a high ego motivational climate was associated with the highest levels of anxiety at all time points. An early-season, high-pressure/low-mastery combination was also associated with relative increases in anxiety over the season, whereas high pressure within a high mastery climate was associated with relative decreases. Results indicate that parental pressure can have differential effects depending upon motivational climate.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsO'Rourke, D. J., Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L. and Cumming, S. P.
DOI10.1080/10413200.2011.552089
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code28942

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