Skinner, L. B., Barnes, A. C., Salmon, P. S., Fischer, H. E., Drewitt, J. W. E. and Honkimäki, V., 2012. Structure and triclustering in Ba-Al-O glass. Physical Review B, 85 (6), 064201.
Glass-forming ability in the (BaO) x(Al 2O 3) 1-x system (0≤x≤1) was investigated by using the containerless aerodynamic levitation and laser-heating method. The main glass-forming region was found to occur for 0.40(2) ≤x≤ 0.48(2), where there is insufficient oxygen to form an ideal network of corner-sharing AlO 4 tetrahedra in which the oxygen atoms are twofold coordinated, with another narrow glass-forming region at x = 0.62(2) around the eutectic composition. The glass corresponding to x = 0.4 was chosen for further investigation by using both neutron and x-ray diffraction, and a detailed atomistic model was built by applying a combination of molecular dynamics and reverse Monte Carlo methods. The results show a network structure based predominantly on corner-sharing tetrahedral AlO 4 motifs in which triclusters (OAl 3 units formed by three tetrahedral Al atoms sharing a common vertex) play an integral part, with as many as 21% of the oxygen atoms involved in these configurations. The barium ions bind to an average of 7.4 O atoms, most of which are twofold-coordinated bridging oxygen atoms. The larger size of barium compared to calcium narrows the range of glass-forming compositions in alkaline-earth aluminates such that the main glass-forming range corresponds to a regime in which an oxygen-deficient Al-O network is stabilized by the formation of triclusters.
|Item Type ||Articles|
|Creators||Skinner, L. B., Barnes, A. C., Salmon, P. S., Fischer, H. E., Drewitt, J. W. E. and Honkimäki, V.|
|Departments||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Publisher Statement||Salmon_PRB_2012_85_064201.pdf: Skinner, L. B., Barnes, A. C., Salmon, P. S., Fischer, H. E., Drewitt, J. W. E. and Honkimäki, V., 2012. Structure and triclustering in Ba-Al-O glass. Physical Review B, 85 (6), 064201. Copyright (2012) by the American Physical Society|
Actions (login required)