The role of intangible assets in the conservation of Bam and its cultural landscape as a World Heritage site


Amirjamshidi, G., Fodde, E., D'Ayala, D. and Mokhtari, E., 2012. The role of intangible assets in the conservation of Bam and its cultural landscape as a World Heritage site. In: 5th International Conference on Sustainable Tourism, ST 2012;A. Coruna;, 2012-06-12 - 2012-06-14.

Related documents:

This repository does not currently have the full-text of this item.
You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided below. (Contact Author)

Official URL:


Buildings must pass the test of authenticity and integrity to be considered as World Heritage sites. The combination of these attributes can be referred to as the genuineness of the site. Bam suffered from a devastating earthquake in December 2003, but even after the disaster, the area was acknowledged to have a high degree of authenticity and integrity and was successfully put forward for consideration as a World Heritage site. Apart from the uniqueness of Bam's Citadel as the world's greatest mud brick structure and of a number of buildings in the immediate vicinity of the Citadel, the rationale for its inscription was also influenced by its intangible aspects and cultural landscape. Examples of intangible heritage in Bam include the legend of Haftvad and the Kot-e Kerm and its relation to the Silk Road as well as the beliefs of people of Bam in the rituals linked to the well of the Master of Time (Imam Zaman), and the ritual of Ashura. Until recently, the integrity of a World Heritage site was mostly assessed by studying its tangible heritage. However, in 1982, UNESCO introduced a new mandate for consideration of intangible heritage to emphasise its significance and to strive for protection of traditional culture and folklore. Several regional assessments have since been made on the impacts and recommendations on the protection of traditions, culture and folklore. When protecting a tangible heritage site, the practice is mainly based on pragmatic conservation and restoration. Non-tangible heritage, on the other hand, is more subtle and requires more sophisticated approaches and methods for its preservation. This paper investigates the intangible heritage associated with the Bam Citadel as part of Bam and its cultural landscape and, where appropriate, highlights the relationship between these assets and the architectural aspects to accentuate the cultural importance of this of World Heritage site. This paper will discuss the role and function of historical integrity in the conservation of Bam and its cultural landscape by describing the intangible heritage of the site and by comparing it with Central Asian case studies and by suggesting safeguarding guidelines for its conservation.


Item Type Conference or Workshop Items (Paper)
CreatorsAmirjamshidi, G., Fodde, E., D'Ayala, D. and Mokhtari, E.
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Architecture & Civil Engineering
Research CentresBRE Centre in Innovative Construction Materials
ID Code30083


Actions (login required)

View Item