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Does highly cross-linked polyethylene wear less than conventional polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty? A double-blind, randomized, and controlled trial using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis


Reference:

Glyn-Jones, S., Isaac, S., Hauptfleisch, J., McLardy-Smith, P., Murray, D. W. and Gill, H. S., 2008. Does highly cross-linked polyethylene wear less than conventional polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty? A double-blind, randomized, and controlled trial using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. Journal of Arthroplasty, 23 (3), pp. 337-343.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2006.12.117

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Abstract

A prospective double-blind, randomized, and controlled trial was conducted using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis; 54 total hip arthroplasty patients were randomized to receive either highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) or standard ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) liners. The 3-dimensional penetration of the liner was determined over 2 years. For the first 3 months, both polyethylene types had a rapid penetration rate (HXLPE: 0.22 mm, SD = 0.17 mm; UHMWPE: 0.21 mm, SD = 0.15 mm; P = .78). After 3 months, the HXLPE penetration rate (0.06 mm/y, SD = 0.06 mm/y) was significantly lower than the UHMWPE penetration rate (0.10 mm/y, SD = 0.07 mm/y; P = .04). The penetration in the first 3 months was probably caused by creep or bedding in; from 3 months onward, much of the penetration was probably caused by wear. We conclude that HXLPE has a 40% lower wear rate as compared with UHMWPE, suggesting that it will perform better in the long term.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsGlyn-Jones, S., Isaac, S., Hauptfleisch, J., McLardy-Smith, P., Murray, D. W. and Gill, H. S.
DOI10.1016/j.arth.2006.12.117
Related URLs
URLURL Type
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18358369PubMedCentral
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering
Research CentresCentre for Orthopaedic Biomechanics
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code30818

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