The effects of a shear flow on lee waves


Patterson, M., Dalziel, S., Caulfield, C. and Le Brun, S., 2012. The effects of a shear flow on lee waves. Submitted to: 65th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics, 2012-11-18 - 2012-11-20.

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We explore experimentally and theoretically the effects of a shear flow on lee waves that are generated by a stationary isolated three-dimensional obstacle in a low-Froude-number stratified flow. We observe that the uniform flow (beneath the shear layer) can be divided into two regions: an essentially two-dimensional flow around the base of the obstacle and a wave-generating flow over the top portion of the obstacle. The third region's structure is dependent on the sign of the shear, and is either a wave-free region above the critical height where the wave speed equals the local fluid speed or a region in which the waves are fully reflected. By separating the permanent waves produced into distinct categories, we compare detailed experimental measurements with theoretical predictions. Finally we examine the time-dependent establishment of the waves, including the transition from a uniform flow to a sheared flow.


Item Type Conference or Workshop Items (Paper)
CreatorsPatterson, M., Dalziel, S., Caulfield, C. and Le Brun, S.
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DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Architecture & Civil Engineering
ID Code30882


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