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Solutions of Fourier's equation appropriate for experiments using thermochromic liquid crystal


Reference:

Pountney, O., Cho, G., Lock, G. D. and Owen, J.M., 2012. Solutions of Fourier's equation appropriate for experiments using thermochromic liquid crystal. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (21-22), pp. 5908-5915.

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Official URL:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.06.001

Abstract

In transient heat-transfer experiments, the time to activate the thermochromic liquid crystal (TLC) can be used to evaluate h, the heat transfer coefficient. Most experimenters use the solution of Fourier's equation for a semi-infinite substrate with a step-change in the temperature of the fluid to determine h. The 'semi-infinite solution' can also be used to determine T ad, the adiabatic surface temperature, but this is an error-prone method suitable only for experiments with relatively large values of Bi, the Biot number. For Bi > 2, which covers most practical cases, more accurate results could be achieved using a composite substrate of two materials. Using TLC to determine the temperature-time history of the surface of the composite substrate, h and T ad could be computed from the numerical solution of Fourier's equation. Alternatively, h and T ad could be determined analytically from a combination of the semi-infinite and steady-state solutions.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsPountney, O., Cho, G., Lock, G. D. and Owen, J.M.
DOI10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.06.001
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering
Research CentresAerospace Engineering Research Centre
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code31020

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