Bolin, D., Lindström, J., Lindgren, F. and Eklundh, L., 2009. Fast estimation of spatially dependent temporal vegetation trends using Gaussian Markov random fields. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 53 (8), pp. 2885-2896.
There is a need for efficient methods for estimating trends in spatio-temporal Earth Observation data. A suitable model for such data is a space-varying regression model, where the regression coefficients for the spatial locations are dependent. A second order intrinsic Gaussian Markov Random Field prior is used to specify the spatial covariance structure. Model parameters are estimated using the Expectation Maximisation (EM) algorithm, which allows for feasible computation times for relatively large data sets. Results are illustrated with simulated data sets and real vegetation data from the Sahel area in northern Africa. The results indicate a substantial gain in accuracy compared with methods based on independent ordinary least squares regressions for the individual pixels in the data set. Use of the EM algorithm also gives a substantial performance gain over Markov Chain Monte Carlo-based estimation approaches.
|Item Type ||Articles|
|Creators||Bolin, D., Lindström, J., Lindgren, F. and Eklundh, L.|
|Departments||Faculty of Science > Mathematical Sciences|
|Publisher Statement||Bolin_et_al_2009.pdf: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, vol 53, issue 8, 2009, DOI 10.1016/j.csda.2008.09.017|
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