Stationary states of quadratic diffusion equations with long-range attraction


Burger, M., Di Francesco, M. and Franek, M., 2013. Stationary states of quadratic diffusion equations with long-range attraction. Communications in Mathematical Sciences, 11 (3), pp. 709-738.

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    We study the existence and uniqueness of nontrivial stationary solutions to a nonlocal aggregation equation with quadratic diffusion arising in many contexts in population dynamics. The equation is the Wasserstein gradient flow generated by the energy E, which is the sum of a quadratic free energy and the interaction energy. The interaction kernel is taken radial and attractive, nonnegative and integrable, with further technical smoothness assumptions. The existence vs. nonexistence of such solutions is ruled by a threshold phenomenon, namely nontrivial steady states exist if and only if the diffusivity constant is strictly smaller than the total mass of the interaction kernel. In the one dimensional case we prove that steady states are unique up to translations and mass constraint. The strategy is based on a strong version of the Krein-Rutman theorem. The steady states are symmetric with respect to their center of mass, supported on compact intervals, strictly decreasing on the right half interval. Moreover, they are global minimizers of the energy functional E. The results are complemented by numerical simulations.


    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsBurger, M., Di Francesco, M. and Franek, M.
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    URLURL Type
    DepartmentsFaculty of Science > Mathematical Sciences
    Publisher StatementBurger_DiFrancesco_Franek.pdf: This is the author's version of a paper to be published in Communications in Mathematical Sciences, published by International Press
    ID Code32331


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