Operation of a submerged aerobic membrane bioreactor for decentralised municipal wastewater treatment in North Africa
Skouteris, G., Arnot, T. C., Feki, F., Jraou, M. and Sayadi, S., 2012. Operation of a submerged aerobic membrane bioreactor for decentralised municipal wastewater treatment in North Africa. Water Practice & Technology, 7 (3).
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A pilot-scale aerobic membrane bioreactor (MBR) was operated for 6.5 months, alongside a full-sized conventional activated sludge (AS) plant, treating high-strength domestic wastewater originating from Sfax in Tunisia. The main target was to investigate whether or not the MBR could produce effluent suitable for unrestricted crop irrigation in Tunisia, a target that the AS plant fails to achieve. Membrane performance analysis and energy benchmarking were also carried out. The MBR did produce irrigation quality water regardless of the mixed-liquor suspended solids (MLSS) or feed concentrations. The average chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was 88% at an average MLSS concentration of 4.59 g L−1, and 89.7% at an average MLSS concentration of 9.52 g L−1. During membrane performance evaluation, a maximum sustainable membrane permeate flux of 12.81 L m−2 h−1, at an average mixed-liquor temperature of 24 °C and an average MLSS concentration of 9.21 g L−1 was maintained. Finally, energy benchmarking was carried out; the average energy consumption rate was 8.95 kWh d−1, corresponding to an average specific energy demand (SED) of 3.82 kWh m−3. This is a relatively high value compared to the AS plant, whose SED value is always lower than 3 kWh m−3, but further energy reduction is possible for the MBR as well as the AS plant effluent requires further treatment in order to be acceptable for unrestricted human crop irrigation; hence, additional energy input. The work demonstrates the potential impact of MBRs in decentralised domestic wastewater treatment in North Africa.
|Creators||Skouteris, G., Arnot, T. C., Feki, F., Jraou, M. and Sayadi, S.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords||decentralised municipal wastewater treatment,membrane bioreactors,unrestricted irrigation,north africa,sustainable membrane permeate flux|
|Departments||Faculty of Engineering & Design > Chemical Engineering|
|Research Centres||?? WIRC ??|
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