Research

Congenital blindness improves semantic and episodic memory


Reference:

Pasqualotto, A., Lam, J. S. Y. and Proulx, M. J., 2013. Congenital blindness improves semantic and episodic memory. Behavioural Brain Research, 244, pp. 162-165.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2013.02.005

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    Abstract

    Previous studies reported that congenitally blind people possess superior verb-generation skills. Here we tested the impact of blindness on capacity and the fidelity of semantic memory by using a false memory paradigm. In the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm, participants study lists of words that are all semantically related to a lure that is not presented. Subsequently, participants frequently recall the missing lure. We found that congenitally blind participants have enhanced memory performance for recalling the presented words and reduced false memories for the lure. The dissociation of memory capacity and fidelity provides further evidence for enhanced verbal ability in the blind, supported by their broader structural and functional brain reorganisation.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsPasqualotto, A., Lam, J. S. Y. and Proulx, M. J.
    DOI10.1016/j.bbr.2013.02.005
    Related URLs
    URLURL Type
    http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874767840&partnerID=8YFLogxKUNSPECIFIED
    Uncontrolled Keywordsblindness,memory,semantic,false memory,visual impairment
    DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code33927

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