Modelling the impact of urbanization on flood frequency relationships in the UK


Kjeldsen, T. R., 2010. Modelling the impact of urbanization on flood frequency relationships in the UK. Hydrology Research, 41 (5), pp. 391-405.

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    This paper investigates the effect of urbanization on the three key statistics used to establish flood frequency curves when combining the index flood method with the method of L-moments for estimating distribution parameters, i.e. the median annual maximum peak flow (the index flood), and the high-order L-moment ratios L-CV and L-SKEW. An existing procedure employing catchment descriptors was used to estimate the three statistics at ungauged sites in the UK. As-rural estimates of the three statistics were obtained in 200 urban catchments and compared to the corresponding values obtained from observed data. The (log) differences of these estimates were related to catchment descriptors relevant to the urbanization process using linear regression. The results show that urbanization leads to a reduction in L-CV but an increase in L-SKEW. A jack-knife leave-one-out experiment showed that the adjustment factors developed were generally better at predicting the effect of urbanization on the flood frequency curve than the existing adjustment factor currently used in the UK.


    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsKjeldsen, T. R.
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    DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Architecture & Civil Engineering
    Publisher StatementKjeldsen_2010_Hydrology_Research_41_5_391.pdf: ©IWA Publishing 2010. The definitive peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Hydrology Research 41(5) pp.391-405, 2010, DOI: 10.2166/nh.2010.056 and is available at
    ID Code36871


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