Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers


Burke, R. D., 2013. Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers. In: ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, 2013-10-13 - 2013-10-16.

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Turbochargers are a key technology to deliver fuel consumption reductions on future internal combustion engines. However, the current industry standard modeling approaches assume the turbine and compressor operate under adiabatic conditions. Although some state of the art modeling approaches have been presented for simulating the thermal behavior, these have focused on thermally stable conditions. In this work, an instrumented turbocharger was operated on a 2.2L Diesel engine and in parallel a one-dimensional lumped capacity thermal model was developed. For the first time this paper presents analysis of experimental and modeling results under dynamic engine operating conditions. Engine speed and load conditions were varied to induce thermal transients with turbine inlet temperatures ranging from 200-800oC; warm-up behavior from 25oC ambient was also studied. Following a model tuning process based on steady operating conditions, the model was used to predict turbine and compressor gas outlet temperatures, doing so with an RMSE of 8.4oC and 7.1oC respectively. On the turbine side, peak heat losses from the exhaust gases were observed to be up to double those observed under thermally stable conditions due to the heat accumulation in the structure. During warm-up, the model simplifications did not allow for accurate modeling of compressor, however on the turbine side gas temperature predictions errors were reduced from 150oC to around 40oC. The main benefits from the present modeling approach appear to be in turbine outlet temperature prediction, however modeling improvements are identified for future work.


Item Type Conference or Workshop Items (Paper)
CreatorsBurke, R. D.
Uncontrolled Keywordsheat transfer,turbocharger,transient,model,experiment,engine
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Mechanical Engineering
Research CentresPowertrain & Vehicle Research Centre
ID Code37464
Additional InformationPaper number: ICEF2013-19120


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