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A modified prebind engagement process reduces biomechanical loading on front row players during scrummaging:a cross-sectional study of 11 elite teams.


Reference:

Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. A., England, M. E. and Trewartha, G., 2015. A modified prebind engagement process reduces biomechanical loading on front row players during scrummaging:a cross-sectional study of 11 elite teams. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 (8), 092904.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092904

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    Abstract

    Aims: Biomechanical studies of the rugby union scrum have typically been conducted using instrumented scrum machines, but a large-scale biomechanical analysis of live contested scrummaging is lacking. We investigated whether the biomechanical loading experienced by professional front row players during the engagement phase of live contested rugby scrums could be reduced using a modified engagement procedure. Methods: Eleven professional teams (22 forward packs) performed repeated scrum trials for each of three engagement techniques, outdoors, on natural turf. The engagement processes were the 2011/12 (referee calls crouch-touch-pause-engage; CTPE), 2012/13 (referee calls crouch-touch-set; CTS) and 2013/14 (props pre-bind with the opposition prior to the “Set” command; PreBind) variants. Forces were estimated by pressure sensors on the shoulders of the front row players of one forward pack. Inertial Measurement Units were placed on an upper spine cervical landmark (C7) of the six front row players to record accelerations. Players’ motion was captured by multiple video cameras from three viewing perspectives and analysed in transverse and sagittal planes of motion. Results: The PreBind technique reduced biomechanical loading in comparison with the other engagement techniques, with engagement speed, peak forces and peak accelerations of upper spine landmarks reduced by approximately 20%. There were no significant differences between techniques in terms of body kinematics and average force during the sustained push phase. Conclusion: Using a scrum engagement process which involves binding with the opposition prior to the engagement reduces the stresses acting on players and therefore may represent a possible improvement for players’ safety.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsCazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K. A., England, M. E. and Trewartha, G.
    DOI10.1136/bjsports-2013-092904
    Related URLs
    URLURL Type
    http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893433353&partnerID=8YFLogxKUNSPECIFIED
    http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/49/8/541.full?keytype=ref&ijkey=xu6b32xKzEAoQCUPublisher
    Uncontrolled Keywordsrugby union,biomechanics,injury prevention,spinal cord,physical stresses
    DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
    Research CentresEPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Mathematics (SAMBa)
    Publisher StatementCazzola_2013_LiveScrum_PrePrintVersion.pdf: This article has been accepted for publication in British Journal of Sports Medicine following peer review. The definitive copy edited, typeset version Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E., Stokes, K., England, M. E., & Trewartha, G. (2014). A modified prebind engagement process reduces biomechanical loading on front row players during scrummaging: A cross-sectional study of 11 elite teams.British Journal of Sports Medicine. is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092904
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code38350

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