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Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference task:A dual-processes analysis


Reference:

Attridge, N. F. and Inglis, M., 2014. Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference task:A dual-processes analysis. Thinking & Reasoning, 20 (4), pp. 454-471.

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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2014.897254

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    Abstract

    We examined a large set of conditional inference data compiled from several previous studies and asked three questions: How is normative performance related to intelligence? Does negative conclusion bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Does implicit negation bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Our analysis demonstrated that rejecting denial of the antecedent and affirmation of the consequent inferences was positively correlated with intelligence, while endorsing modus tollens inferences was not; that the occurrence of negative conclusion bias was related to the extent of Type 2 processing; and that the occurrence of implicit negation bias was not related to the extent of Type 2 processing. We conclude that negative conclusion bias is, at least in part, a product of Type 2 processing, while implicit negation bias is not.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsAttridge, N. F.and Inglis, M.
    DOI10.1080/13546783.2014.897254
    Related URLs
    URLURL Type
    http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896416244&partnerID=8YFLogxKUNSPECIFIED
    DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
    Publisher StatementAttridge_Inglis_negation_biases_in_conditional_inference_accepted_version.pdf: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor and Francis in Thinking and Reasoning on 19/03/2015, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13546783.2014.897254
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code38907

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