Synthesis and characterization of magnetite/polyvinyl alcohol core–shell composite nanoparticles


Kurchania, R., Sawant, S. S. and Ball, R., 2014. Synthesis and characterization of magnetite/polyvinyl alcohol core–shell composite nanoparticles. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97 (10), 3208–3215.

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Magnetite (Fe3O4)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) core–shell composite nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using a coprecipitation of ferrous and ferric chloride followed by coating with PVA. The resulting nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-ray photo electron spectroscopy, Zeta potential measurements, UV–Vis spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric Analysis, and Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM). The average particle size was 13 nm. The presence of characteristic functional groups of PVA around the core of magnetite nanoparticles was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy while the amount of PVA (%) bound to it was estimated by TGA analysis. Zeta potential measurements made by dispersing dilute sonicated samples in a Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS pH 7.4) confirmed that the particles were negatively charged. The stability and retention of the coating material PVA in PBS (pH7.4) over a period of time were substantiated by UV–Vis spectroscopy. Room-temperature magnetic measurements were made with a VSM which demonstrated the superparamagnetic nature of the particles with higher saturation magnetization of 56.41 emu/g. Furthermore, in vitro cytocompatibility testing of Fe3O4/PVA core–shell composite nanoparticles was carried out on human cervix cancer cells. This confirmed a 97% cell viability with no significant cytotoxicity and thereby substantiated their biocompatibility.


Item Type Articles
CreatorsKurchania, R., Sawant, S. S. and Ball, R.
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Architecture & Civil Engineering
Research CentresBRE Centre in Innovative Construction Materials
Materials Research Centre
ID Code41392


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