Research

Specific tackling situations affect the biomechanical demands experienced by rugby union players


Reference:

Seminati, E., Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E. and Trewartha, G., 2016. Specific tackling situations affect the biomechanical demands experienced by rugby union players. Sports Biomechanics, 16 (1), p. 58.

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[img] PDF (Seminati_2015_TackleBiomechanics_accepted_version) - Repository staff only until 12 January 2018 - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
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    Official URL:

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2016.1194453

    Abstract

    Tackling in Rugby Union is an open skill which can involve high-speed collisions and is the match event associated with the greatest proportion of injuries. The purpose of this study was to analyse the biomechanics of rugby tackling under different three movement conditions: from a stationary position, with the dominant shoulder and with the non-dominant shoulder, and moving forward, with the dominant shoulder. A specially devised contact simulator, a 50 kg punch bag instrumented with pressure sensors, was translated towards the tackler (n=15) in trials to evaluate the effect of laterality (dominant vs. non-dominant side) and tackling approach (standing vs. moving) on the external loads absorbed by the tackler, on head and trunk motion, and on trunk muscle activities. Peak impact force was substantially higher in the stationary dominant (2.84 ± 0.74 kN) than in the stationary non-dominant condition (2.44 ± 0.64 kN), but lower than in the moving condition (3.40 ± 0.86 kN). Muscle activation started on average 300 ms before impact, with higher activation for impact-side trapezius and non-impact side erector spinae and gluteus maximus muscles. Players’ technique for non-dominant side tackles was less compliant with current coaching recommendations in terms of cervical motion (more neck flexion and lateral bending were observed in the stationary non-dominant condition) and players could benefit from specific coaching focus on non-dominant side tackles.

    Details

    Item Type Articles
    CreatorsSeminati, E., Cazzola, D., Preatoni, E. and Trewartha, G.
    DOI10.1080/14763141.2016.1194453
    Uncontrolled Keywordsbiomechanics,rugby,injury prevention
    DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
    Research CentresEPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Statistical Mathematics (SAMBa)
    Publisher StatementSeminati_2015_TackleBiomechanics_accpeted_version.pdf: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Sports Biomechanics on 11 July 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14763141.2016.1194453.
    RefereedYes
    StatusPublished
    ID Code50095

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