Mitchell, C. N. and Spencer, P. S. J., 2003. A three-dimensional time-dependent algorithm for ionospheric imaging using GPS. Annals of Geophysics, 46 (4), pp. 687-696.
Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite receivers provide a world-wide network of phase and group delay measurements. The combination of two-frequency measurements can be used to derive the integral of the electron concentration along each satellite-to-receiver path, a parameter known as the Total Electron Content (TEC). At this stage these slant TEC data are difficult to interpret as they originate from a combination of a temporally changing ionosphere and spatially changing observation geometry. In this paper TEC data are inverted to evaluate the underlying distribution and time evolution of electron concentration. Accordingly, a new three-dimensional, time-dependent algorithm is presented here for imaging ionospheric electron concentration using GPS signals. The inversion results in a three-dimensional movie rather than a static image of the electron-concentration distribution. The technique is demonstrated using, simulated ground-based GPS data from actual measurement geometry over Europe.
|Item Type ||Articles|
|Creators||Mitchell, C. N.and Spencer, P. S. J.|
|Departments||Faculty of Engineering & Design > Electronic & Electrical Engineering|
|Publisher Statement||AnnalsGeophysics_2003_46_4_687.pdf: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.|
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