Anticipation of subsequent demanding exercise increases the expression of haem oxygenase-1 mRNA in human lymphocytes
Markovitch, D., Tyrrell, R. M. and Thompson, D., 2008. Anticipation of subsequent demanding exercise increases the expression of haem oxygenase-1 mRNA in human lymphocytes. Stress - The International Journal on the Biology of Stress, 11 (1), pp. 79-82.
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Oxidative stress induces the expression of the cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory protein haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1). In the present investigation, we show that anticipation of subsequent exercise elevates the expression of HO-1 mRNA in lymphocytes. A between-groups comparison of HO-1 mRNA expression in subjects about to complete a half marathon race vs. subjects who were asked to sit quietly in the laboratory showed an elevated expression of HO-1 mRNA prior to exercise (2.6-fold higher in subjects prior to the half marathon, P < 0.01). This observation led us to examine whether anticipation of subsequent exercise leads to differences in lymphocyte HO-1 mRNA expression within the same subjects. In a second experiment, the same individuals completed two trials, one exercise and one rest, approximately 2 weeks apart in a randomised cross-over design. Lymphocyte HO-1 mRNA expression was greater prior to exercise (1.4 +/- 0.3-fold higher in the exercise trial, P < 0.05). These results suggest that knowledge of subsequent demanding exercise may lead to an anticipatory induction of HO-1 mRNA. We tentatively propose that this process has evolved to prepare lymphocytes for subsequent exercise-induced oxidative stress although the mechanism remains to be elucidated.
|Creators||Markovitch, D., Tyrrell, R. M. and Thompson, D.|
|Departments||Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health|
Faculty of Science > Pharmacy & Pharmacology
|Additional Information||ID number: ISI:000252352500008|
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