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Differential expression of TRAIL and its receptors relative to calcification in AAA


Reference:

Liu, X., Winrow, V. R., Horrocks, M. and Stevens, C. R., 2007. Differential expression of TRAIL and its receptors relative to calcification in AAA. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 358 (1), pp. 18-23.

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Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is commonly associated with atherosclerosis. Human AAA tissue displays cells undergoing all stages of apoptosis. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in tumour cells but not in normal cells. It has death receptors and decoy receptors. An inhibitor of TRAIL, osteoprotegerin (OPG), is involved in osteogenesis and vascular calcification. We investigated TRAIL and its receptors in AAA compared within normal aorta (NA). Both qualitative and quantitative analyses of calcification in AAA walls were determined using Von Kossa staining and pre-operation computer tomography (CT) scans. There was a significant difference in calcification level at different locations in the AAA wall (p < 0.05). Apoptosis was confirmed in AAA by TUNEL assay. A significant difference in TRAIL and its receptor expression was observed between normal aortae and AAA (p < 0.05). Significant differences were also observed between tissues displaying different extents of calcification for TRAIL mRNA (p < 0.05) by RT-PCR examination and OPG protein (p < 0.01) by protein blotting examination. We propose that this pattern of expression of TRAIL and its receptors may contribute to AAA formation and calcification in the AAA wall. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsLiu, X., Winrow, V. R., Horrocks, M. and Stevens, C. R.
DOI10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.03.209
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code6313
Additional InformationID number: ISI:000246790800004

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