Tobacco industry influence on science and scientists in Germany


Gruning, T., Gilmore, A. B. and McKee, M., 2006. Tobacco industry influence on science and scientists in Germany. American Journal of Public Health, 96 (1), pp. 20-32.

Related documents:

This repository does not currently have the full-text of this item.
You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided below.


Using tobacco industry documents, we examined how and why the tobacco industry sought to influence science and scientists in Germany as a possible factor in explaining the German opposition to stricter tobacco regulation. Smoking and health research programs were organized both separately by individual tobacco companies and jointly through their German trade organization. An extensive network of scientists and scientific institutions with tobacco industry links was developed. Science was distorted in 5 ways: suppression, dilution distraction, concealment, an manipulation. The extent of tobacco industry influence over the scientific establishment in Germany is profound. The industry introduced serious bias that probably influenced scientific and public opinion in Germany. This influence likely undermined efforts to control tobacco use.


Item Type Articles
CreatorsGruning, T., Gilmore, A. B. and McKee, M.
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Health
ID Code6432
Additional InformationID number: ISI:000234314000008


Actions (login required)

View Item