Wood, S. N. and Augustin, N. H., 2002. GAMs with integrated model selection using penalized regression splines and applications to environmental modelling. Ecological Modelling, 157 (2-3), pp. 157-177.
Generalized additive models (GAMs) have been popularized by the work of Hastie and Tibshirani (Generalized Additive Models (1990)) and the availability of user friendly gam software in Splus. However, whilst it is flexible and efficient, the gam framework based on backfitting with linear smoothers presents some difficulties when it comes to modelselection and inference. On the other hand, the mathematically elegant work of Wahba (SplineModels for Observational Data (1990)) and co-workers on Generalized Spline Smoothing (GSS) provides a rigorous framework for modelselection (SIAM J. Sci. Statist. Comput. 12 (1991) 383) and inference with GAMs constructed from smoothing splines: but unfortunately these models are computationally very expensive with operations counts that are of cubic order in the number of data. A ‘middle way’ between these approaches is to construct GAMs using penalizedregressionsplines (e.g. Marx and Eilers, Comput. Statist. Data Anal. (1998)). In this paper, we develop this idea further and show how GAMs constructed using penalizedregressionsplines can be used to get most of the practical benefits of GSS models, including well founded modelselection and multi-dimensional smooth terms, with the ease of use and low computational cost of backfit GAMs. Inference with the resulting methods also requires slightly fewer approximations than are employed in the GAMmodelling software provided in Splus. This paper presents the basic mathematical and numerical approach to GAMs implemented in the R package mgcv, and includes two environmental examples using the methods as implemented in the package.
|Item Type ||Articles|
|Creators||Wood, S. N.and Augustin, N. H.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords||gcv,penalized regression spline,penalties,gam,parameter|
|Departments||Faculty of Science > Mathematical Sciences|
|Publisher Statement||wagam.pdf: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ecological Modelling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ecological Modelling, vol 157, issue 2-3, 2002, DOI 10.1016/S0304-3800(02)00193-X|
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