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The role of executive processes in prospective memory tasks


Reference:

van den Berg, S., Aarts, A., Midden, C. and Verplanken, B., 2004. The role of executive processes in prospective memory tasks. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 16 (4), pp. 511-533.

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Abstract

Prospective remembering refers to remembering and acting on behavioural intentions. Three experiments tested the hypothesis that prospective remembering requires the availability of executive processes. It was expected that this is more important when intentions are stated in categorical terms. Type of instruction (specific versus categorical), typicality of the cue in relation to the category specified, and executive load were manipulated. Results showed a general benefit of specific instructions. Furthermore, with categorical instructions, performance was better with typical cues. Although the data suggested that executive processes are responsible for the processing of cues, the load manipulation had no significant effect on the prospective memory measure. Thus, no evidence was found for the hypothesis that prospective remembering requires the availability of executive processes. It is argued that it is a matter of strategic choice whether executive processes arc deployed: One does not need to monitor for cues but can choose to rely on bottom-up processes. Monitoring may be sufficient, but not necessary for successful prospective remembering. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract

Details

Item Type Articles
Creatorsvan den Berg, S., Aarts, A., Midden, C. and Verplanken, B.
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code9489

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