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Effects of early mobility on shortcut performance in a simulated maze


Reference:

Stanton, D., Wilson, P. and Foreman, N., 2002. Effects of early mobility on shortcut performance in a simulated maze. Behavioural Brain Research, 136 (1), pp. 61-66.

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Abstract

Compared the shortcut choices of 24 able-bodied teenagers (aged 13-14 yrs) with those of physically disabled teenagers (aged 12-18 yrs) who had varying histories of mobility impairment. In a computer-simulated kite-shaped maze, participants were allowed to explore 3 arms that connected 4 rooms. Subsequently, they were offered a choice between paths connecting 2 rooms, one of which was a novel shortcut. Disabled teenagers chose correctly on fewer occasions than their able-bodied counterparts. Despite equivalent current levels of mobility, disabled participants whose mobility was more limited early in development were poorer at the task than those whose mobility had deteriorated with age. The results suggest that early independent exploration is important in the development of spatial knowledge, and suggest that the detrimental effects of limited early exploratory experience may persist into the teenage years. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsStanton, D., Wilson, P. and Foreman, N.
DepartmentsFaculty of Humanities & Social Sciences > Psychology
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code9585

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