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Preparation of modified difunctional PDMS membranes and a comparative evaluation of their performance for the pervaporative recovery of p-cresol from aqueous solution


Reference:

Wu, P., Brisdon, B. J., England, R. and Field, R. W., 2002. Preparation of modified difunctional PDMS membranes and a comparative evaluation of their performance for the pervaporative recovery of p-cresol from aqueous solution. Journal of Membrane Science, 206 (1-2), pp. 265-275.

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Abstract

Crosslinked polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes modified by the sequential introduction of two different side-arm functional groups, -(CH2)3OC2H5 and -(CH2)3NMe2, have been prepd. and evaluated for the pervaporative recovery of p-cresol from aq. streams. The loading of the ether group was varied from 5 to 20% and that of the amino group from 5 to 15%. These loadings are expressed in terms of the mole percentages of Si atoms within the membrane contg. the identified functional group. The performances of these difunctional membranes are compared with that of pure PDMS and with membranes modified with a single functional group. It was found that various combinations of ether and amino groups improved p-cresol flux while maintaining the high sepn. factor exhibited by PDMS modified by a high loading of the amino group. These new materials also facilitated the prepn. of defect-free films. Membranes contg. AEE (10%) +AMI (5%) gave a very similar performance to monofunctional membranes contg. 20% amino, but unlike those membranes the new difunctional membranes possess good film forming properties. Another combination of note is the AEE (20%) +AMI (10%) membrane that produced both an excellent cresol flux (that was 30% higher than that achievable using either AEE or AMI modified membranes) and a high sepn. factor ca. 50. [on SciFinder (R)]

Details

Item Type Articles
CreatorsWu, P., Brisdon, B. J., England, R. and Field, R. W.
Uncontrolled Keywordspolysiloxanes role, cresol pervaporation recovery aq soln modified polysiloxane membrane, proc (process) (silsesquioxane-, proc (process) (polysiloxane-, pervaporation (membranes, prepn. of amino- and ether group modified difunctional pdms membranes and a comparative evaluation of their performance for the pervaporative recovery of p-cresol from aq. soln.), composite, prep (preparation), silsesquioxanes role, pyp (physical process), amino ether side group crosslinked polysiloxane pervaporation membrane, pep (physical, engineering or chemical process), spn (synthetic preparation)
DepartmentsFaculty of Engineering & Design > Chemical Engineering
RefereedYes
StatusPublished
ID Code994

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